Conflicts, with their consequences of displacement, destruction of livelihoods and damage to economies, aggravated by Covid-19 and extreme weather events, classified as the fundamental causes of famine in the world, the report stated.
Africa remains the most-affected continent with 63 percent of the world’s total people in crisis, particularly in central and southern Africa, with 40.2 million, up from 32.2 million in 2019.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Syria, Nigeria, Sudan, Afghanistan, Burkina Faso and Honduras, Burundi, Cameroon, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and Uganda topped the list of nations with the worst crisis.
As a preamble to the document, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres highlighted that the this report is ‘a discouraging reading’ due to the increase in the number of people in conditions of ‘acute food insecurity and in need of emergency food, nutrition and subsistence aid.’
Hunger and poverty, Guterres wrote, combine with inequality, climate shocks and tensions over land and resources to provoke and boost the conflict.