The forum of the UN agency specialized in education, science, culture and information was held in Paris from November 9 to 24, with relevant moments such as the celebration of the 75th anniversary of UNESCO’s foundation and Audrey Azoulay’s re-election as director general for a second term.
The 193 member States approved the first international framework on Open Science, aimed at making it more transparent and accessible for human beings.
This concept was also defined for the first time and focuses on inclusivity and international cooperation, which, in principle, should allow the use of open licenses and data and information exchange in pursuit of collective benefit of scientific breakthroughs and innovations for humankind, seen as colossal challenge.
The Covid-19 pandemic has shown how open science practices, including access to scientific publications, data exchange and collaboration, can speed up research and strengthen ties between the scientific community and society, Azoulay said.
According to the director general, the recommendations issued by UNESCO in this field will foster inclusive benefit and cooperation, based on common understanding, investment in infrastructure and services, digital literacy, the creation of capacities and the promotion of innovative approaches.
The 41st UNESCO General Conference was also the venue for the adoption of recommendations for an ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI), an initiative described here as historic.