A new technical report published by these two United Agencies agencies, described the benefits and risks of this modality for people, and urged to establish measures aimed at the different forms of work caused by the Covid-19 pandemic and the digital transformation.
One of the positive aspects is that there could be better balance between work and personal life, opportunities for flexible schedules and physical activity, a reduction in traffic and the time spent in commuting, as well as a reduction in air pollution.
It also leads to higher productivity and lower operating costs for many companies, while all of this can improve physical and mental health and social well-being, WHO and ILO noted.
However, without proper planning and organization and support for health and safety, the impact of telework could be significant, the two UN agencies pointed out.
They mentioned isolation, burnout, depression, domestic violence, muscular-skeletal and other occupational injuries, eyestrain, increased tobacco and alcohol consumption, long periods of sitting in front of a screen, as well as unhealthy weight gain.