Costa Rica, whose national flower is the Guaria Morada orchid, is famous for its large number of this family of monocotyledonous plants, many of which are endemic.
Of the 20 new species identified in La Amistad, Braulio Carrillo, Volcán Tenorio, Juan Castro Blanco, Monumento Nacional Guayabo and Reserva Bosque Nuboso Santa Elena national parks, five had not been recorded before in Costa Rica, but had been recorded in other countries, according to JBL-UCR.
The researchers of this academic center carried out the study in protected wild areas, administered by the National System of Conservation Areas (Sinac, in Spanish) of the Ministry of Environment and Energy (Minae, in Spanish), and highlighted the importance of conserving these plants, most of which are endemic.
For this reason, one of the 15 new species not found naturally in any other part of the world was named Epidendrum sinac, due to the existing collaboration between both institutions.
When it was determined that these were new species, a publication was prepared with a description of the species and a scientific name.
This work is of vital importance for the conservation and enhancement of biological diversity, as well as to ensure the protection of new species, their habitats and natural resources for future generations.