According to the report of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, entitled “Our World at Risk: Transforming Governance for a Resilient Future,” the number of droughts could increase by more than 30 percent between 2000 and 2030.
In addition, the number of extreme temperatures has risen and may triple in the next decade compared to 2001.
Researchers associate the number of existing disasters to a wrong perception of risk based on optimism and underestimation, which also translates into political, financial and developmental miscalculations, according to the statement.
It also points out that, in terms of economic losses, developing nations are the hardest hit by these events, with an annual one-percent decline in their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on average.
In Asian-Pacific territories, the losses are even more considerable due to an annual 1.6-percent decline in GDP on average, whereas developed countries lose only 0.1 to 0.3 percent of GDP.