According to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA), this task seeks to take care of the natural habitat of different and valuable species of fish, crustaceans and mollusks.
Currently, the country has at least three farms, in which four species of corals such as Acropora cervicornis, Acropora palmata, Orbicella faveolata and Diploria labyrinthiformis were cultivated and spread.
First of all, juvenile coral fragments are planted in a nursery to create new colonies in ideal conditions, which favor their optimal growth with a minimum of predation, diseases and other effects.
When they reach a suitable size between 20 and 40 centimeters, the cultivated fragments are cut and are transferred to the natural reef of the degraded areas and there they are fixed to the rocky substrate, using different planting techniques.
The formation of a coral depends on the arrival of a larva, which settles and begins to grow, and the chances of survival are much higher with this method, by depositing relatively already developed, larger fragments.
An essential step is the proper selection of the coral species that are going to be used in the restoration actions, depending on the specific environmental conditions of the sites chosen to undertake this work.