The study, which analyzed data from its 48 member countries and eleven large emerging economies, showed that India generates 750 million tons of carbon dioxide per year; China sends about 700 million tons into the atmosphere and the United States about 650 million tons.
In fourth place is Brazil with some 550 million tons and in fifth place is the 27-nation bloc of the European Union (EU) with some 400 million tons.
Meanwhile, if we analyze the emissions caused by each dollar obtained from agricultural production, the worst pollution indicators are recorded in Brazil, followed by Kazakhstan, the Philippines, Iceland, Argentina, New Zealand, Mexico, the United States and India. According to the OECD, the agricultural sector is responsible for 22 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and livestock farming generates two thirds.
The methane generated by ruminants through the fermentation of their digestion alone accounts for 42 percent, while manure contributes eight percent, and to this must be added the impact of its deposition on the land, it explained.
Meanwhile, rice cultivation alone is responsible for 11 percent of agricultural emissions in the 54 countries studied, in addition to forestry and other land uses.