INAH scientists found the skeletons inside what they believe was a traditional four-room Aztec house dating from between 1521 and 1620, the country’s early colonial period, according to a statement from the institution.
According to the source, during the excavations they also discovered pre-Hispanic objects almost intact centuries later, including clay vases, ceramic vessels and a stone figure with the image of a woman with a child in her arms.
The Aztecs were a warrior and deeply religious civilization that built monumental works and practiced human sacrifice. However, researchers said that the children found had died of natural causes and were buried in a traditional pre-Hispanic style.
Carlos Campos, the archaeologist who led the excavation, said the aborigenal faced harsh living conditions and were unable to flee after Spanish conquistadors took the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, which became Mexico City.
Archaeologists continue to unearth remains of the Aztec culture beneath Mexico City. In December, they found remains of an elaborate altar near the traditional Plaza Garibaldi, famous for its mariachis and parties, the statement adds.
The Aztecs ruled an empire that stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, encompassing much of today’s central Mexico. Tenochtitlán was conquered by the Spaniard Hernan Cortes in 1521.