Although viral DNA was detected in the patients’ rooms, they pointed out that the route of contagion remains the close relationship between people, according to Eurosurveillance.
The researchers took samples of the surfaces of the immediate and adjacent rooms of hospitalized patients and all were contaminated with the virus.
They noticed that the highest viral loads were in the bathroom, especially on the toilet, sink and handle. Some viral DNA samples were also found on towels and pillow cases.
The scientists clarified there are no final data on the amount of viral load that is needed to transmit the disease between humans.
They suggest the periodic disinfection of the frequent contact points with the hands and skin during medical assistance processes, besides the cleaning and disinfection of surfaces with virucidal products.
So far, the clinical presentation of monkeypox cases associated with this outbreak is variable. Many cases of this outbreak do not have the classical clinical picture of monkeypox (fever, swollen lymph nodes, followed by a centrifugal rash in evolution).
Contagion is through direct contact with blood, body liquids or skin lesions or the mucose of infected animals, and there are no treatments or specific vaccines against this disease.