The evening clashes spread early on Thursday to nearby towns and neighborhoods of Al-Isawiya, Silwan, Wadi Al-Joz, Al-Sawana, Beit Hanina, Sur Baher, and Jabal Al-Mukabber, among others.
According to Arab television, protesters set tires on fire and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who responded with tear gas canisters and rubber bullets.
The situation in Jerusalem is likely to get out of control, an Israeli security source told Kan TV.
Maan news agency reported that the officers attacked Al-Issawiya, where they arrested several people.
A spokesman for the Israeli Armed Forces revealed that 23 Palestinians were arrested during the riots.
The military forces also entered Shuafat, blocked since Saturday evening as part of a manhunt for a Palestinian attacker who killed a female soldier at a checkpoint in Jerusalem a few hours earlier.
Given the situation, the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign condemned the collective punishments carried out by Israeli authorities, which were accused of imposing an Apartheid regime.