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Martí and José Antonio Aponte, precursors of humanity in Cuba (+Photo)

Camagüey, Cuba, Jan 28 (Prensa Latina) When Cuba today celebrates the 170th birthday of its Apostle, José Martí, another pro-independence leader such as José Antonio Aponte is also remembered in this city.

Precisely the latter, 211 years ago, developed one of the conspiracy movements in the capital of Cuba, years before the start of the liberation deeds of October 1868, and which had a notable influence on this region, the old Puerto del Príncipe.

To commemorate the date, the Committee of the Slave Route in Camagüey scheduled a day dedicated to a broad theoretical debate on issues of identity, raciality and migration phenomena, as well as social gaps.

Exclusively to Prensa Latina, the coordinator of the Provincial Committee of the Slave Route, Yoelxys Pellinier told us “how important it is for Cuban history that this fact be known.”

It all ended with the firing squad of the freed slaves right in the Plaza de Armas, on January 29, 1812 in the former Villa that sought to free itself from its metropolis in the genesis of the emancipatory processes.

The specialist also said that the issues of race and discrimination make up the National Program against Racial Discrimination “one of the priorities of our country and its government leadership.”

Also in this edition of Antonio Aponte in Memorian, Zuleica Romay, director of the Center for Afro-Latin American Studies at Casa de las Américas, commented on the urgency of Cuba today with these issues.

“It seems important to me to take advantage of these dates to reflect on our trajectory as a people, to get to what we have today, identify the values, see the aspirations we have.

“We need to identify those values, those aspirations, connect the past and the present, it has to have the objective of specifying the route and going further”, commented the academic.

To preserve our nationality and culture that distinguishes us as a people, the specialist added:

“We have to have the school in the center, because beyond the training processes, there the processes are built with others, the social ones, the academic and educational processes run in parallel.

“We need to seek more harmony so that researchers and specialists are more involved in this educational collaboration with young people”, Romay concluded.

The conference cycle closes with a dialogue on how the racial question in Cuba has been approached from Marxist theory.

In addition to the theoretical apparatus, the program included a tribute procession to the black leaders of the Aponte Conspiracy in Port-au-Prince, led by the Yoruba Cultural Society.

This January 28, Camagüey, like the rest of the Island, is illuminated with the light of José Martí, the most universal Cuban, and with the liberating example of José Antonio Aponte, also a precursor of the premise that the Apostle would later raise: “Homeland is humanity”.


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