This conference also serves to report on the innumerable contributions of Meteorology, and it does so by studying and monitoring atmospheric phenomena, such as clouds, precipitation, storms or winds.
Their goal is to understand how each of these events form and evolve, based on certain measurement parameters, such as pressure, temperature, and humidity.
The term is formed from words from the ancient Greek language, where meteor means particles suspended in the atmosphere and logos means study, speech or knowledge.
The anniversary takes place during the 150th anniversary of WMO, and highlights past achievements, present progress and future potential, from late 19th century telegraphs and shipping forecasts to supercomputers and space technology.
Throughout this time, the national meteorological and hydrological services have compiled and standardized the data that support the forecasts that are taken for granted with scientific vision, technological development and, above all, for a unique system of cooperation in favor of society. .
Today, as a result of greenhouse gases, the average global temperature is more than one degree Celsius and above 150 years ago, the climate is more extreme, the ocean warmer and more acidic, the sea level rises and the glaciers and the ice melt, said the WMO.
Such a scenario needs urgent action now to reduce polluting and warming emissions to ensure that future generations can survive and thrive on the planet, the United Nations agency warned.
The good news is that rapid scientific and technological advances are honing the accuracy of life-saving weather forecasts and early warnings, big data is being exchanged more freely and widely than ever before, and there are new tools like machine learning and artificial intelligence.
This contributes to weather, climate and hydrological services helping to address the associated challenges and take advantage of the opportunities.