According to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Plurinational State, with the reincorporation of Mexico during the recently closed forum in Cuba, the bloc of countries that have a common economic development perspective and that fight against asymmetries is consolidated.
“It should be noted that although it is called G77, it is its original name referring to the initial number of countries. In reality, currently the G77 brings together 134 countries with developing economies. In addition, on this occasion, Mexico is returning, which was approved as a result of this Summit, getting to be 135 countries,” stated Mayta.
Mexico’s re-entry was approved after the chancellor of this country, Alicia Bárcena, officially requested its accession publicly last Friday.
The reincorporation was carried out by the Government of Cuba hours before concluding the Summit of Heads of State and Government held at the Havana Convention Palace, after the approval of the final document, focused on global challenges in the spheres of science, technology and innovation.
Although he was the founder of the Group, Mexico left it in 1994, after its incorporation into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). However, Bárcena reaffirmed on Friday in Havana the interest of the Government of that country in returning to the G77 and China.
According to the head of Mexican diplomacy, the purpose is to contribute to the formation of a new world, promote South-South cooperation to face the challenges of climate change and combat the current socioeconomic asymmetries on the international stage, through development and not from war.
This multilateral forum brings together two-thirds of the member states of the United Nations, concentrates 80 percent of the world’s population and accounts for more than 50 percentage points of the planet’s Gross Domestic Product.
The Havana meeting was held with the theme of Current development challenges: Role of science, technology and innovation.
In its 47 points, the Summit Declaration warned that the current financial architecture is not the best because it responds to certain interests, so it should have a greater scope for participation by nations.
Likewise, it declared September 16 as the Day of Science, Technology and Innovation in the South.