On October 3, 1965, in the former Chaplin Theater, currently Karl Marx Theater, during the closing speech of the Congress of the United Party of the Cuban Socialist Revolution, then-Prime Minister Fidel Castro, called for unifying all political forces and social sectors in the PCC.
In his opinion, the creation of the Central Committee represented one of the most transcendental steps in Cuba’s history, closely uniting the revolutionary people and achieving the highest degree of unity and organization around the political concepts of the transformation processes that started in 1959.
That day, the historic leader also read the farewell letter that revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara left before leaving for Congo and later Bolivia, where he continued the struggle to liberate the peoples of America.
“There is an absence in our Central Committee of someone who possesses all the merits and virtues necessary to belong to it in the highest degree and yet is not among the members of our Central Committee,” he said.
During his speech, Fidel Castro also announced the merger of newspapers Revolucion and Hoy into a single official publication of the PCC known as Granma, in homage to the yacht that brought the architects of the Revolution to Cuba from Mexico in 1956.
The first issue of Granma newspaper was printed on October 4, the circulation of which reached 498,784 copies.
The Communist Party of Cuba is the organization that constitutes the leading political force of society and the State in Cuba.
The Constitution of the Republic, approved in 2019, defines it as “unique, a follower of Martí’s and Fidel’s ideas, and Marxist-Leninist, the organized vanguard of Cuba, sustained by its democratic character and permanent link with the people.”