According to historians, since the beginning of the war against Spanish colonialism, and as a result of the disorganization in the uprising of the conspiratorial forces, the leadership of the struggle was divided.
Due to its strategic position between the insurrection sides, the city of Guaimaro was chosen for an assembly, held between April 10 and 12, 1869, to join forces against a common enemy.
Delegates from the East, the Center (Camagüey) and the Revolutionary Board of Las Villas were present, giving life to the first legal statute in Cuba’s republican history to organize the country as an independent political State.
The Constitution was structured in 29 articles, in which it clarified the country’s segmentation into four states with the power to send equal representatives to the Chamber.
The text established the requirement to elect and be elected, recognized the condition of free man to all Cuban inhabitants, as well as the duty and right to be soldiers of the Liberation Army, together with other civil guarantees.
More than two decades after that event and supported by the first patriotic associations, Cuban National Hero Jose Marti created the Cuban Revolutionary Party (PRC) on April 10, 1892, with the main objective of achieving Cuba’s absolute independence.
According to historical documents, among the decisive moments of that organization was the election of its only officials: Delegate (Marti) and Treasurer (Benjamin Guerra).
The PRC united the patriots who once again fought against Spanish colonialism in Cuba and collected resources for the war.
As a tribute to April 10 and what it represents in Cuba’s history, on that same date, but in 2019, the Constitution was proclaimed.
The current Constitution of the Republic ratified the socialist nature of the nation and the leading role of the Communist Party (PCC), in addition to expanding individual rights and guarantees and strengthening the People’s Power nationwide.