The Manifesto, which owes its name to the northern city of the Dominican Republic where it was signed, was a response by Cuban independence supporters to Spanish colonialism just one month after the start of the third and last war for sovereignty in the largest Caribbean island.
From the beginning, the document clearly exposes the causes why the people of Cuba launched the fight, and explains that the war was not being waged against the Spanish, but against the colonial yoke that prevailed on the island since the times of the conquest.
Martí and Gómez launched a call to Cubans to rise up in arms, while explaining the program conceived by the revolutionary movement, which had both as its highest exponents.
The document includes the ideas expressed by the Apostle on nationalism, denounces colonial order, exposes its marked anti-imperialism and commitment to vindicate the blood spilled by Cubans in the wars of 1868 and the so-called Little War, which ended without achieving the supreme objectives of The struggle.
Likewise, it explains how Cubans would avoid divisions, bitterness and instability brought to the Spanish-American republics by copying foreign models, which would allow the country to fulfill its responsibility before the world and “open to humanity a working republic and achieve the friendship of the world”.
On the other hand, he showed the deep vision of Martí as a statesman and political leader, and his universal gaze when he analyzes the role of the revolution and his duty “to explain once again to the country and nations, the local causes and universal ideas and interests, for the advancement and service of humanity the armed struggle of the patriots had resumed”.
The document, conceived as an ideological weapon in the battle against Hispanic colonialism and against the threats of the nascent North American imperialism, is today a motivation for the North American persistence in wanting to dominate Cubans, followers of those who marked the way to maintain their sovereignty. and independence.
This Saturday the commemoration has a special meaning because the Dominican Republic hosts the 28th Ibero-American Summit of Heads of State and Government, a meeting in which the President of Cuba, Miguel Diaz-Canel, among others, participate.
The day before, the Cuban head of state recalled the illustrious soldier when he wrote on Twitter: “It is a pleasure to visit the sister land of the Generalissimo (Máximo Gómez) and to be part of the cooperation efforts of Ibero-America.”