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Cuban efforts to meet development goals highlighted

Havana, Mar 13 (Prensa Latina) The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Havana highlighted Cuba's efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, expressed in the economic and social plan for 2030.

A statement from the agency stressed that the country defends this perspective in a context of national challenges and the tense global context of crisis.

It further meant that the Caribbean nation remained among the countries in the high human development group, intermediate among possible groups, with position 85 out of 193 nations or territories, according to the Human Development Index (HDI) for 2022, reflected in the 2023-2024 edition.

It explained that this rating offers a broad perspective of some of the aspects of human development and does not directly reflect situations such as poverty or inequality and is the sum of three dimensions: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.

Between 1990 and 2022, the island experienced a growth of 4.1 years in life expectancy and 1.9 years of schooling. Likewise, the Gross National Income (formerly Gross Domestic Product) rose by 51,4% in that period.

For more than five decades, UNDP has accompanied the country in its actions towards a sustainable development horizon, from the various agendas that make up a multidimensional vision of progress, such as biodiversity protection, climate change adaptation, productive transformation and management of the territories.

At the global level, the UNDP highlighted as warning signs the crisis following the Covid-19 pandemic, which accentuated the gap between the poorest and richest countries, as well as the deterioration of the environment.

It also underscored the increase in the frequency and duration of international conflicts, as well as the slowdown in the world economy.

The report explained that national policies tend to have a global influence, mainly from the countries that accumulate a large part of the production and trade of global goods.

These unmanaged interdependencies produce a blockage to development solutions and increasingly affect multiple spaces and population groups on the planet, such as women, youth, indigenous peoples, LGTBI+ populations, and small island countries such as Cuba.