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9 in 10 American adults prone to heart disease

Washington, May 9 (Prensa Latina) Nine of 10 American adults are in the early, middle or late stages of a syndrome that leads to heart disease, a new report finds, and almost 10% have the disease already. "Poor cardiovascular, kidney, and metabolic health is widespread among the U.S. population," concludes a team led by Dr. Muthiah Vaduganathan of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston.

Researchers looked specifically at rates of what the American Heart Association has dubbed cardiovascular, kidney and metabolic (CKM) syndrome – interrelated factors that progress with time and, if left unchecked, lead to heart disease.

According to experts, CKM is divided into four stages: excess fat buildup in the body, emergence of other metabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes), emergence of high-risk kidney disease or a high predicted risk of heart disease being diagnosed in the next 10 years, and finally the diagnosis of full-blown heart disease with or without kidney disease.

The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, concluded that nearly 90% of U.S. adults met criteria for CKM syndrome (stage 1 or higher) and 15% met critera for advanced stages, neither of which improved between 2011 and 2020.

Not surprisingly, the severity of CKM syndrome rose with age,55.3% of people 65 or older were in an advanced stage of CKM syndrome, compared to 10.7% of those aged 45 through 64, and 2.1% of those aged 20 through 44, the study found.

The young were at risk, too. Most Americans ages 20 through 44 (81.8%) were already affected by these heart and kidney risk factors.

Race also mattered, with Black Americans 38% more likely to be burdened with CKM syndrome compared to Whites people.