Ghez, the fourth woman to win Nobel Prize in Physics
Stockholm, Oct 6 (Prensa Latina) American astrophysicist Andrea Ghez received the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday, so she became the fourth woman to win this category in the whole history of those prizes, awarded for the first time in 1901.
Ghez, a professor of astronomy at the University of California, Los Angeles, United States, is the 53rd lady to win a Nobel and the 18th to be awarded in the science category.
The scientist graduated in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1987 and did her Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology in 1992.
Before Andrea Ghez, Donna Strickland in 2018, Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963 and Marie Curie in 1903 were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics; while over 200 men have received that recognition.
The work for which Andrea Ghez was awarded focuses mainly on the use of high spatial resolution imaging techniques to study the regions of star formation and a supermassive black hole.
The American astrophysicist shares the Nobel Prize with her colleague Reinhard Genzel, from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching (Germany) who led two groups of astronomers who in the early 90s studied the Sagittarius A * region in the center of our galaxy.
Both teams accurately mapped the orbits of the brightest stars that are closest to the center of the Milky Way.
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